How to Make Quality Candles in Batches
Nowadays, there are rich kinds of candles, tealight candle, pillar candle, scented candle and jar candle, for choosing from. Candle making process also has seen many changes. How to make quality candles in batches?
Raw Material and Candle Equipment
The main candle making raw material is paraffin wax, the auxiliary raw material is stearic acid and the trace raw materials are beeswax, fragrance oil, candle dyes,etc. The present candle equipment is generally divided into manual candle making machine and automatic candle machine.
Candle Making Process
Paraffin wax, stearic and other trace contents can be placed in the melting pot to be melted. Pour the liquid into the mold of manual candle making machine that has been previously coated with oil and has the wicks.
Before pouring, the water tank of the manual candle making machine has been filled with cold water, which is helpful for the rapid condensation. After that, swing out the candles by rotating the handle. This is for producing white candle or pillar candle.
If you use automatic candle making machine, you don't need to melt paraffin wax. And ordinary white candles do not require other raw material but are only made of paraffin wax around 56 ℃.
With the development of science and technology, more kinds of quality candles spring up. They are no smoke, no tear, no dust, and long burning. More than that, they can be not soft in summer, mosquito repellent. How to make it?
The candle wick should be made of white cotton threads. And the white cotton thread should be bleached by bleaching powder. A candle with such wick will be smokeless and brighter. If the candle wick is later immersed in chemical raw materials, the finished candle will be no dust, no tear and of longer burning time.
The following are three chemical formulations for soaking candle wick, each of which can be used alone.
Boric acid, phosphoric acid, ammonium sulfate and water. The percentage is 0.04:0.64:0.64:100.
Borax, potassium nitrate(fire nitrate), ammonium sulfate and water. The percentage is 1:1:2.5:30.86.
Ammonium chloride(alkaline sand) and water. The percentage is 0.75:1.
How to Make Paraffin Wax Candle Upright in Summer
Paraffin wax candles easily soften and bend in summer and dissolve quickly after being lit. Some auxiliary raw material will improve this situation. The formulation is: 10 parts of paraffin, 2-3 parts of stearic acid (by weight).
It should be noted that stearic acid should not be added too much, otherwise the wax will melt too slowly and the light will be not bright.
How to Make Scented Candle at Large Scale?
We need to make scented powder first. Mix 200g of B-cyclodextrin, 600ml of water, 20g of lavender (also can be replaced by flavor) for three hours. Dry them at 60 ℃(the temperature can’t be too high, otherwise the fragrance will deteriorate) by vacuum drying machine into chemical powder. Other drying ways are OK. Store the chemical scented powder in a dry, ventilated place.
When producing candle, put the scented power into the melted paraffin wax, then the finished candle will be scented candle. The dosage is generally 1-3% of the candle material.
Scented Candles made by this method are long-lasting scented, giving off different fragrances depending on the different spices used.
Since the individual and small candle making manufacturers have no drying equipment, there is an alternative way to make it. Take 100 g of B-cyclodextrin, 300 ml of water and then add 10 g of lavender after stirring. Evaporate in a pot until it is dried into a powder. The effect will be a little poorer than the above method, so the dosage should generally be increased to about 5%.